Speech and Language Milestone chart

Discussion in 'Early Childhood Archives' started by Fran, Jan 6, 2004.

  1. Fran

    Fran Former Site Owner


    The course of children's development is
    mapped using a chart of developmental milestones.

    These milestones are behaviors that emerge over time, forming the building blocks for growth and continued learning. Some of the categories within which these behaviors are seen include:

    Cognition (thinking, reasoning, problem-solving, understanding)

    Language (expressive and receptive abilities)

    Motor coordination (gross/fine motor, jumping, hopping, throwing/catching, drawing, stacking)

    Social interaction (initiating peer contact, group play)

    Self-help (dressing, eating,washing)

    Speech & Language Milestone Chart
    Learning Disabilities Assoc of America

    By Age One


    Recognizes name
    Says 2-3 words besides "mama" and "dada"
    Imitates familiar words
    Understands simple instructions
    Recognizes words as symbols for objects: Car - points to garage, cat - meows
    Activities to Encourage your Child's Language

    Respond to your child's coos, gurgles, and babbling
    Talk to your child as you care for him or her throughout the day
    Read colorful books to your child every day
    Tell nursery rhymes and sing songs
    Teach your child the names of everyday items and familiar people
    Take your child with you to new places and situations
    Play simple games with your child such as "peek-a-boo" and "pat-a-cake"

    Between One and Two


    Understands "no"
    Uses 10 to 20 words, including names
    Combines two words such as "daddy bye-bye"
    Waves good-bye and plays pat-a-cake
    Makes the "sounds" of familiar animals
    Gives a toy when asked
    Uses words such as "more" to make wants known
    Points to his or her toes, eyes, and nose
    Brings object from another room when asked
    Activities to Encourage your Child's Language

    Reward and encourage early efforts at saying new words
    Talk to your baby about everything you're doing while you're with him
    Talk simply, clearly, and slowly to your child
    Talk about new situations before you go, while you're there, and again when you are home
    Look at your child when he or she talks to you
    Describe what your child is doing, feeling, hearing
    Let your child listen to children's records and tapes
    Praise your child's efforts to communicate

    Between Two and Three


    Identifies body parts
    Carries on 'conversation' with self and dolls
    Asks "what's that?" And "where's my?"
    Uses 2-word negative phrases such as "no want".
    Forms some plurals by adding "s"; book, books
    Has a 450 word vocabulary
    Gives first name, holds up fingers to tell age
    Combines nouns and verbs "mommy go"
    Understands simple time concepts: "last night", "tomorrow"
    Refers to self as "me" rather than by name
    Tries to get adult attention: "watch me"
    Likes to hear same story repeated
    May say "no" when means "yes"
    Talks to other children as well as adults
    Solves problems by talking instead of hitting or crying
    Answers "where" questions
    Names common pictures and things
    Uses short sentences like "me want more" or "me want cookie"
    Matches 3-4 colors, knows big and little
    Activities to Encourage your Child's Language

    Repeat new words over and over
    Help your child listen and follow instructions by playing games: "pick up theball, " "Touch Daddy's s nose"
    Take your child on trips and talk about what you see before, during and after the trip
    Let your child tell you answers to simple questions
    Read books every day, perhaps as part of the bedtime routine
    Listen attentively as your child talks to you
    Describe what you are doing, planning, thinking
    Have the child deliver simple messages for you (Mommy needs you, Daddy )
    Carry on conversations with the child, preferably when the two of you have some quiet time together
    Ask questions to get your child to think and talk
    Show the child you understand what he or she says by answering, smiling, and nodding your head
    Expand what the; child says. If he or she says, "more juice", You say, "Adam wants more juice."

    Between Three and Four


    Can tell a story
    Has a sentence length of 4-5 words
    Has a vocabulary of nearly 1000 words
    Names at least one color
    Understands "yesterday," "summer", "lunchtime", "tonight", "little-big"
    Begins to obey requests like "put the block under the chair"
    Knows his or her last name, name of street on which he/she lives and several nursery rhymes
    Activities to Encourage your Child's Language

    Talk about how objects are the same or different
    Help your child to tell stories using books and pictures
    Let your child play with other children
    Read longer stories to your child
    Pay attention to your child when he's talking
    Talk about places you've been or will be going

    Between Four and Five


    Has sentence length of 4-5 words
    Uses past tense correctly
    Has a vocabulary of nearly 1500 words
    Points to colors red, blue, yellow and green
    Identifies triangles, circles and squares
    Understands "In the morning" , "next", "noontime"
    Can speak of imaginary conditions such as "I hope"
    Asks many questions, asks "who?" And "why?"
    Activities to Encourage your Child's Language

    Help your child sort objects and things (ex. things you eat, animals. . )
    Teach your child how to use the telephone
    Let your child help you plan activities such as what you will make for Thanksgiving dinner
    Continue talking with him about his interests
    Read longer stories to him
    Let her tell and make up stories for you
    Show your pleasure when she comes to talk with you

    Between Five and Six


    Has a sentence length of 5-6 words
    Has a vocabulary of around 2000 words
    Defines objects by their use (you eat with a fork) and can tell what objects are made of
    Knows spatial relations like "on top", "behind", "far" and "near"
    Knows her address
    Identifies a penny, nickel and dime
    Knows common opposites like "big/little"
    Understands "same" and "different"
    Counts ten objects
    Asks questions for information
    Distinguished left and right hand in herself
    Uses all types of sentences, for example "let's go to the store after we eat"
    Activities to Encourage your Child's Language

    Praise your child when she talks about her feelings, thoughts, hopes and fears
    Comment on what you did or how you think your child feels
    Sing songs, rhymes with your child
    Continue to read longer stories
    Talk with him as you would an adult
    Look at family photos and talk to him about your family history
    Listen to her when she talks to you
  2. Sheila

    Sheila Moderator

    Good info.

    My 10 yr old is stuck at the "between 1 and 2" age. :rolleyes: I keep asking what it is he doesn't understand about "no." lol
  3. Fran

    Fran Former Site Owner

    roflmbo. I have a 19yr old that isn't too wild with the word "No".
  4. kris

    kris New Member

    i think "no" comes with-a permanent mental block...for kids, for husbands, for nosey relativies....roflmaopmp!

    kris :wink:
  5. RB

    RB New Member

    This was very interesting. Yet another area where my sons abilities have wide scatters. Was able to do some of the between 5 & 6 by age 3 3/12 and is still not doing some of the 2 -3 things.

    The only thing that has ever been consistant in his evaluations is that there are tremendous scatters in his abilities.