National Children's Mental Health Awareness Week - Cherokee Chronicle Childhood measles, pneumonia and diabetes are taken seriously. But what about children's mental health and mental illness? It is estimated that one in five children have mental health problems that are real, painful and can be severe to the point of being life-threatening. Unfortunately, an estimated two-thirds of all young people are not getting the help they need. However, there is hope since children's mental health problems can be recognized and treated. May 2 - 8 is National Children's Mental Health Awareness Week. Can you recognize a problem with your child's mental health?