Hi, I am new to this forum. I have an 18 year old daughter who we adopted when she was seven. past twelve years have been extraordinarily rough, with my daughter refusing to be parented. We somehow stumbled from year to year...hoping.. telling ourselves these are growing pains, it cant be easy being adopted....all the acting out will stop as she matures etc etc. After extensive reading and innumerable therapists with series of diagnoses, the picture is clearer. She suffers from PTSD as a consequence of severe childhood trauma, she is also dissociative and we have been exploring therapy for her in the US. In Singapore (where we live) and in India where we are from there is very little trauma informed care while in the US they seem better informed. Is there anyone out there with similar experiences and any advice on treatment, parenting and anything else that might help?