Let me pick your brains a little. My belief is that retention is a useless strategie. But I have not read enough research based studies to really have an informed opinion. My logic is the following: a slow learner will stay a slow learner, a child with a disablity which prevents effective learning will stay a disabled child,etc.. Some kids will simply never be at the same level as their peers or slightly younger peers. There are some countries which do not practice retention and they have the best test scores (I'm thinking northern european countries such as Finnland, Sweden). Now, I know the school will eventually want to retain V. I find it futile but would like to be able to present evidenced base research. I think I could google all year on the subject and still come up with new search result! lol Any studies that serve as a reference in this area?