I have just applied for British nationality for J (wish me luck - it's a long shot!) and was doing some reading on the net related to international adoptions when I came across the case of Torrey Hansen. You probably remember - I had never heard of it but I gather it caused a furore in the States - that this was the case of a single woman who adopted a child from a Russian orphanage at the age of 7 and then sent him back alone on a plane to Russia with a note saying he was too difficult and violent for her to deal with (article about the issue: http://blog.vaughanfirm.com/2012/03/a-home-for-artyom/) I understand that she has recently been ordered to pay for the boy's maintenance, although the adoption has in the meantime been annulled. The case raises a lot of issues and I wondered what people's opinions about it were. Do families in the US have to be screened before they can adopt (presumably they do)? Is there sufficient information given about Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) in older adopted children, and help to deal with this? What are the lessons that you draw from this case?