Speech and Language Milestone chart


Former desparate mom

The course of children's development is
mapped using a chart of developmental milestones.

These milestones are behaviors that emerge over time, forming the building blocks for growth and continued learning. Some of the categories within which these behaviors are seen include:

Cognition (thinking, reasoning, problem-solving, understanding)

Language (expressive and receptive abilities)

Motor coordination (gross/fine motor, jumping, hopping, throwing/catching, drawing, stacking)

Social interaction (initiating peer contact, group play)

Self-help (dressing, eating,washing)

Speech & Language Milestone Chart
Learning Disabilities Assoc of America

By Age One


Recognizes name
Says 2-3 words besides "mama" and "dada"
Imitates familiar words
Understands simple instructions
Recognizes words as symbols for objects: Car - points to garage, cat - meows
Activities to Encourage your Child's Language

Respond to your child's coos, gurgles, and babbling
Talk to your child as you care for him or her throughout the day
Read colorful books to your child every day
Tell nursery rhymes and sing songs
Teach your child the names of everyday items and familiar people
Take your child with you to new places and situations
Play simple games with your child such as "peek-a-boo" and "pat-a-cake"

Between One and Two


Understands "no"
Uses 10 to 20 words, including names
Combines two words such as "daddy bye-bye"
Waves good-bye and plays pat-a-cake
Makes the "sounds" of familiar animals
Gives a toy when asked
Uses words such as "more" to make wants known
Points to his or her toes, eyes, and nose
Brings object from another room when asked
Activities to Encourage your Child's Language

Reward and encourage early efforts at saying new words
Talk to your baby about everything you're doing while you're with him
Talk simply, clearly, and slowly to your child
Talk about new situations before you go, while you're there, and again when you are home
Look at your child when he or she talks to you
Describe what your child is doing, feeling, hearing
Let your child listen to children's records and tapes
Praise your child's efforts to communicate

Between Two and Three


Identifies body parts
Carries on 'conversation' with self and dolls
Asks "what's that?" And "where's my?"
Uses 2-word negative phrases such as "no want".
Forms some plurals by adding "s"; book, books
Has a 450 word vocabulary
Gives first name, holds up fingers to tell age
Combines nouns and verbs "mommy go"
Understands simple time concepts: "last night", "tomorrow"
Refers to self as "me" rather than by name
Tries to get adult attention: "watch me"
Likes to hear same story repeated
May say "no" when means "yes"
Talks to other children as well as adults
Solves problems by talking instead of hitting or crying
Answers "where" questions
Names common pictures and things
Uses short sentences like "me want more" or "me want cookie"
Matches 3-4 colors, knows big and little
Activities to Encourage your Child's Language

Repeat new words over and over
Help your child listen and follow instructions by playing games: "pick up theball, " "Touch Daddy's s nose"
Take your child on trips and talk about what you see before, during and after the trip
Let your child tell you answers to simple questions
Read books every day, perhaps as part of the bedtime routine
Listen attentively as your child talks to you
Describe what you are doing, planning, thinking
Have the child deliver simple messages for you (Mommy needs you, Daddy )
Carry on conversations with the child, preferably when the two of you have some quiet time together
Ask questions to get your child to think and talk
Show the child you understand what he or she says by answering, smiling, and nodding your head
Expand what the; child says. If he or she says, "more juice", You say, "Adam wants more juice."

Between Three and Four


Can tell a story
Has a sentence length of 4-5 words
Has a vocabulary of nearly 1000 words
Names at least one color
Understands "yesterday," "summer", "lunchtime", "tonight", "little-big"
Begins to obey requests like "put the block under the chair"
Knows his or her last name, name of street on which he/she lives and several nursery rhymes
Activities to Encourage your Child's Language

Talk about how objects are the same or different
Help your child to tell stories using books and pictures
Let your child play with other children
Read longer stories to your child
Pay attention to your child when he's talking
Talk about places you've been or will be going

Between Four and Five


Has sentence length of 4-5 words
Uses past tense correctly
Has a vocabulary of nearly 1500 words
Points to colors red, blue, yellow and green
Identifies triangles, circles and squares
Understands "In the morning" , "next", "noontime"
Can speak of imaginary conditions such as "I hope"
Asks many questions, asks "who?" And "why?"
Activities to Encourage your Child's Language

Help your child sort objects and things (ex. things you eat, animals. . )
Teach your child how to use the telephone
Let your child help you plan activities such as what you will make for Thanksgiving dinner
Continue talking with him about his interests
Read longer stories to him
Let her tell and make up stories for you
Show your pleasure when she comes to talk with you

Between Five and Six


Has a sentence length of 5-6 words
Has a vocabulary of around 2000 words
Defines objects by their use (you eat with a fork) and can tell what objects are made of
Knows spatial relations like "on top", "behind", "far" and "near"
Knows her address
Identifies a penny, nickel and dime
Knows common opposites like "big/little"
Understands "same" and "different"
Counts ten objects
Asks questions for information
Distinguished left and right hand in herself
Uses all types of sentences, for example "let's go to the store after we eat"
Activities to Encourage your Child's Language

Praise your child when she talks about her feelings, thoughts, hopes and fears
Comment on what you did or how you think your child feels
Sing songs, rhymes with your child
Continue to read longer stories
Talk with him as you would an adult
Look at family photos and talk to him about your family history
Listen to her when she talks to you


Former desparate mom
roflmbo. I have a 19yr old that isn't too wild with the word "No".


New Member
i think "no" comes with-a permanent mental block...for kids, for husbands, for nosey relativies....roflmaopmp!

kris :wink:


New Member
This was very interesting. Yet another area where my sons abilities have wide scatters. Was able to do some of the between 5 & 6 by age 3 3/12 and is still not doing some of the 2 -3 things.

The only thing that has ever been consistant in his evaluations is that there are tremendous scatters in his abilities.